Usually, addicts develop drug addictions and alcoholism addiction. However, there are various kinds of addiction other than those. Most of these are habitual vices like shopping, food, and even gambling. Addiction is a repetitive behavior that can give a euphoric or positive effect on an individual. These positive effects will eventually trigger the repetition of the behavior despite the adverse long term effects.
There are many reasons why a person can become an addict. Most of the time it is attributed to the combination of sensation and emotional reaction of the body associated with the intake of a substance that causes drug addictions. Later on, the body starts craving for more of that substance thus creating physical dependence.
Most of the time, addiction could not be detected by an individual. This is because there is a denial of such because it is not socially acceptable to become a drug addict. However, one can see if an individual is already suffering from drug addictions by checking out these signs and symptoms.
Symptoms of drug addictions
• Regularly and frequently maintaining the craving for drugs.
Drugs that tend to create a craving towards an individual can already be considered an addiction. The typical symptom is the individual’s tendency to have a periodic intake although it is not needed anymore.
- Unable to stop the cravings for drugs
- Unsocial behavior due to drug influence
Most people who became addicted to drugs would tend to do unsocial behaviors like stealing or even disturbing behaviors like public aggressiveness.
• Inability to cope with problems without the use of drugs.
If an individual could not confront his problems without the use of drugs, chances are addition is already taking place. For this reason, it is always good to check if an individual is already hooked when one cannot anymore cope with life pressure without substance intake.
Some drugs have different effects on an individual. Take for example cannabis compounds. People who are taking in cannabis are found to have the following symptoms:
- Sharp sensory perception
- Slow memory functioning
- High blood pressure and heartbeat
- Poor Coordination
- Poor Concentration
- Changes in Appetite
- The tendency to have a paranoia
At the very young stage, addiction can still be coped with. However, an individual can only fight addiction if one has the motivation to change and at the same time the will to stop from becoming an addict. No matter how one will convince an addict if there is no motivation from oneself, treatment for addiction will never become self-efficacy.
What are Depressants?
Drugs that induce sleep and sedation can also become addictive. This is the case of too much dependence on sedating medications like barbiturates and benzodiazepines.
The mechanism of this drug is to work on the central nervous system where most of the neural function occurs. This works by reducing the neurotransmitters known as gamma-aminobutyric acid or GABA. By lessening GABA, brain activities will become minimal and thus makes an individual a state of hypoactivity.
Depressants are usually administered to those who are suffering from any types of anxiety disorders or to those who are insomniac who was in a state of hyperactivity. By lessening the GABA neurotransmitter, patients with anxiety disorders will eventually calm down and relaxed.
While these can be helpful to some patients with anxiety disorders, there is a tendency for an individual to become dependent on the drugs. Individuals, who have been taking depressants for a long time, are susceptible to drug dependency. For this reason, any stoppage of its intake can cause withdrawal symptoms which will put the health of such individual into jeopardy.
Here are some signs and symptoms of dependence on these drugs:
- garbled speech
- Poor coordination
- Poor Memory
- Deep breathing and
- Low blood pressure
When an individual spotted these signs and symptoms of drug dependence, it is always advised to see a physician. Persons who have these must be treated with medical supervision as the case of depressant dependence is very much sensitive and life-threatening.
Signs and symptoms
Other types of drugs which affect the central nervous system are the stimulants. Unlike the depressants which inhibit the neurotransmitters, stimulants work in another way. It stimulates the brain making an individual hyperactive.
Stimulant addicts are described as very much confident, and at the same time with their hyperactivity, they tend to do things which are not socially acceptable.
Its euphoric effect on the individual can result in drug dependence. This would make an individual have withdrawal symptoms if such drug where not being taken.
Drugs which are considered stimulants include amphetamines, methamphetamine, cocaine, and methylphenidate or Ritalin. A person who has become dependent on these drugs may have the following signs and symptoms:
- Ecstatic state
- Loss of Appetite
- Speaking Fast
- Can be easily irritated
- Nasal congestion
- Unable to sleep
- Significant loss of weight
- Increasing blood pressure
Drug dependents that will undergo treatment are advised not to take any forms of stimulants which include caffeine. However, rehabilitation for stimulants is not so much a life-threatening to an individual. Individuals who would undergo treatment might tend to be depressed. This would become a problem for those who have a suicidal tendency. Likewise, such cases must be supervised by a physician.
Physicians can also prescribe depressants for those who cannot cope with the hyperactivity. Although one can quickly deal with stimulant dependence, however, one should keep from taking these drugs as the craving for those will remain for a more extended period.
Designer drugs are artificially designed synthetic drugs which are chemically modified to create a stronger effect. One example of this is ecstasy which produces an amphetamine-like effect and heightened hallucinatory effects too.
There are different signs and symptoms to tell if someone is on designer drugs. Most of these signs can be seen in one’s behavior, and at the same time, some of its physical symptoms can also be evident with dependence on designer drugs.
Designer drugs like Ecstasy usually produce some hallucinatory effects and a euphoric sense. It also triggers high blood pressure as well as the increased beating of the heart, and toxicity to kidney and lives. Poor memory is also evident in those who take designers drugs.
Here are some signs and symptoms when one is already dependent on designer drugs:
One effect of designer drugs are delusions which are sometimes a form of hallucination. People with delusions can sometimes project a specific anti-social behavior. They have different perceptions of reality and have difficulty synchronizing with it.
Another effect of this drug is the difference in perception of an individual. For this reason, one will not be able to distinguish one’s environment and instead perceive it differently.
Significant Behavioral Changes
Prolonged intake of designer drugs can lead one to behavioral changes which include aggressiveness and overconfidence. Sometimes, it will lead to a more anti-social severe problem that will eventually become a prevalent problem for an individual taking a designer drug.
Increase in blood pressure and heart rate
Another symptom for an individual who is dependent on designer drugs is the tendency to have above-normal blood pressure and at the same time increased in heart rate. Sometimes, too much intake can also lead to severe problems and eventually death.
The dangers of drug experimentation prove to be lethal. There are many deaths which are usually associated with designer drugs abuse. It is quite alarming that more and more individuals are getting hooked with this kind of drugs.
Most of the time, these drugs are distributed secretly in social events like parties, disco clubs, and others hang out places. One triggering factor in the prevalence of this drug is since most of the users of these drugs are in the early teens creating a more dangerous drug problem among young people.
The physician should supervise drug rehab for designer drugs addict. This is done to have control over the craving for such psychoactive effect on individuals especially when the dosage seems to be beyond the average level. Designer drugs addicts are also associated with other stimulating substance. This is because other substance can be a good alternative for designer drugs. For this reason, an individual who has an addiction to designer drugs must also be treated with dependency on other forms of drugs to eliminate the addiction problem that besets the individual.